Gradually science proved that this was wrong and showed that it is the earth which goes round the sun. In this way, science advances towards truth as absolute. Whatever is written in religious books is regarded as absolutely true.
Anyone who criticizes the teaching of religion is considered to be a heretic and is violently condemned. In the past, those who dared to question a religious truth were mercilessly persecuted and punished. In short, science is progressive and dynamic while religion are static and orthodox. Science advance from the particular to the general laws and principles. Thus, NEWTON saw an apple falling, observed a number of other similarity phenomena, and finally developed, on the basis of his observations his famous laws of gravitation.
Religion, on the other hand, works from the general to particular. Its methods are entirely different from those of science. Scientific laws and theories are based on a much sounder foundation than the principles of religion.
With the advance of science, religion has gradually lost ground. Its truths have been subjected to searching analysis by science, one after another, and have been proved to be false. The methods of science have appeared more convincing and rational and people have gradually lost faith in religion. Science has also conquered the heart of the people by its practical utility. The practical applications of its laws has provided man with undreamed of comforts and luxuries, religions has no such visible and material benefits to offer.
However, science has its own limitations. Man has a body as well as a spirit. Science is concerned only with the body; it can do nothing for the sprit.
Science may provide man with physical comforts, but it is religion alone which can give him the courage to struggle against heavy odds.
He may even face death itself, with a smiling face. It is religion and religion alone, which can bring the healing balm for his wondered spirit. In the end it may be mentioned that religion is a social phenomenon as well as personal and individual.
Science and Religion, the two terms have come to signify a contradiction in terms. On the face of it, it seems difficult to find a compromise between science and religion. Tar their scope is different and excludes each other. Science deals with the world that we know, the material world that is comprehended by the senses; religion is concerned with a supra-mundane world- world that we cannot be said to know. Science believes in things that can be proved; religion is preoccupied with ideas that have to be accepted without ''roof Science depends on reasons; religion on intuition.
The scientist works in the laboratory of the material world; the religious teacher works within the recesses of his personal experiences. Religion begins where science ends. Science says that the First Cause is unknowable. Religion says that it can be known through the discipline of religion, for it is God who is not only self-existent but self- revealed.
Hence, there is bound to be hostility between the man of science and the man of religion. Science ends when matter ends. But religions oppose to this finite world of matter, the God who is endless.
Science relies on experiment, whereas religion on experience. Any religious experience, be that of Christ or Ramakrishna, is personal and subjective and it cannot be tested by any experiment. One has to believe in it. On the other hand, the experiment of science is an impersonal venture.
Also, objectivity as a temperament of the mind is needed in this pursuit. So rationality is one of the tools that science employs. Proof is provided in the form of tangible results which can be perceived with the eye and at times can be sensed. As the words 'experience' and 'experiment' connote, the worlds of religion and science are poles apart.
Science is concerned with 'how' of reality whereas religion is concerned with the 'why' of reality. Science takes up the tangible entities and analyses them into their minutest parts, and then comes to conclusions regarding the way in which tangible realities are organized. In brief, science is analytical. On the other hand, religion takes for granted the reality. The path of religion is metaphysical. Indeed, the rationalists of religion pursuing the path of metaphysics postulate the concept of God: And this faith enables the religious man to attribute a design or meaning to the reality.
Thus, science is analytical in approach whereas religion is synthetically. Religion is subjective, as religious enlightenment has to be felt by one's own experience. Unless and until religious experience is felt by an individual himself, he cannot reap any pleasure out of it. The moral and religious rules are allied and have to be followed by individuals in appropriate ethical situations. Science, on the other hand, deals with the objective side of life.
Scientific discoveries are common property. They are experience felt by all and sundry. They are open to common men and not shrouded in mystery or haziness. They are truths, universally true and subject to scientific calculations. A systematic scholarship and concentration is needed to get at scientific truths which are subsequently tested and approved by hypotheses and experiment.
But so long as scientific knowledge is imperfect, the place of religion and god will continue to be highly relevant. So long as scientific theories do not reach perfection, humans have to fall back upon their own reasoning and secondary powers of their own soul and spirit. In this sense, science and religion actually converge. Both scientists and saints have to undertake solitary travels into the regions unknown and to depend on themselves only and nobody else.
But once a line is drawn between them, their ways bifurcate and take separate routes. Religious truths remain essentiality the property of the individuals who experience and realise them through their own inward soul and mind and not through the external manifestation of things which have a physical behaviour.
Scientific truths, on the other hand, become the property of the whole world and go to inflate the store-house of human knowledge. Religion is perhaps as old as mankind. Even in the earliest times man had some idea of the higher power, a superior unknowable force pervading and controlling the universe.
The earliest form of man's worship of serpents, science and statues is clear proof of his belief in an All-powerful Creator. Science is of more recent growth. The earliest phases of science may not be more than four or five thousand years old, while modern science began only in the 15th century. But Religion is very much older and before science made its appearance the former was the chief force guiding and governing human thoughts and conduct.
The supremacy of religion, however, gave rise to many evils. Religion encouraged superstition and other evil practices. The heads of various religions assumed almost the powers of a dictator over their followers. The true spirit of religion was ignored on account of these developments.
But with the beginning of science, many of these evil growths were badly shaken. The conflict between science and religion was for some time very bitter. The conflict between science and religion shows how truth has to suffer in order to establish its claims. Pioneers of science had to face numerous difficulties. Galileo, for instance, was thrown into prison for his new theories about heavenly bodies.
No better was the fate of Copernicus who pointed out that it is the earth which moves round the sun. In the 19th century also Darwin's Theory of Evolution gave rise to angry opposition from the Christian Church, since his theory cut across the Biblical version of the creation of mankind from Adam and Eve.
The Churchmen raised the cry "Religion in Danger" and pressed for the persecution of such scientist. In recent times, the German scientist Robert Mayor was shut up in a lunatic asylum for discovering his theory of the Conservation of Energy.
Thus all those who departed from the accepted Biblical theories about God, and universe were regarded as the enemies of mankind and religion. Numerous attempts were made to suppress the voice of reason and truth. But Truth eventually prevailed and science held its ground. Many who had come forward to laugh at science became its champions and followers.
Before the 19th century had run its course, the triumph of science was complete. The rapid progress of science changed the face of the world beyond recognition. It conferred unheard of comforts and conveniences on mankind. The wonders of science bewildered man and he began to enjoy numerous blessings in life Time and distance, disease and pain were rapidly conquered and man seemed to be the master of his surroundings.
These developments gave rise in some circles to the belief that man is all-powerful and God a superiors being, people lost faith in Heaven or Hell, God or the Supreme Power. Religion seemed to be unnecessary and the Church began to lose the respect and power it had once enjoyed Religion seemed to be dethroned from the hearts of man and science reigned in its place. But the path of science did not ultimately prove as smooth as its worshippers had thought it to be.
It turned out to be a mixed blessing.
Sample essay on the relation between Science and Religion. Introduction: Science and religion are commonly perceived to be mutually exclusive contradictions in terms, as it were. Both the method and the aims of science and religion seem to be different. While science is linked to the material, religion is concerned with the spiritual.
Religion teaches us the principle of morality and science should always be guided by this principle of morality. Some people devote their lives to the study of this science and become great prophets. The scientific power becomes more and more effective and benevolent only when it is guided by religion and morality.
Essay on Science and Religion - Science and religion have always been in conflict with one another because they each represent complete opposite ideals, science is about how nature controls how the universe works and religion is . Jun 30, · Science and religion spring from the human obsession to find order in the world. But surely there can be only one true explanation for reality. Life .
It is religion and religion alone, which can bring the healing balm for his wondered spirit. In the end it may be mentioned that religion is a social phenomenon as well as personal and individual. It is all a matter of individual belief. Science has weakened religious faith is only as it is a social phenomenon. Religion and Science in the Classroom Essay Words | 8 Pages Science, in Albert Einstein’s words, “describes what is.” “Such a description consists of certain laws of nature, which summarize observed patterns, and theories” (Peshkin 46).